The world of bail bonds is like any other business in that there are commonly used words and phrases specific to the industry. Knowing your terminology can go a long way in helping you feel comfortable with the bail bonds process, as well as help you answer questions that friends and family may have if you’re helping someone get out of jail. Future Bail Bonds in Bloomington is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week to help you with the bail bonds process! Contact us today to learn more about our services and, in the meantime, grab some coffee and read up on some bail bonds terminology.

Appeal Bond

The courts will require this type of surety bond from a defendant that wishes to postpone payment of a judgement until the end of the appeals process. This type of bond may also be called a “supersedeas bond.”


Release from jail or prison while the accused party waits for his or her trial date, sometimes under the agreement that a specific amount of money has been collected to ensure the defendant’s appearance in court.

Bail Algorithm

A formula that compiles and examines certain information about a defendant, such as age, criminal history, current charges, and other demographics to help a judge decide on an appropriate bail amount.

Bail Bond

A written and signed agreement, usually in exchange for money or other collateral, that an accused person released from jail will present themselves in court at the appointed time and scheduled date.

Bail Enforcement Officer

People sometimes refer to these professionals as “bounty hunters.” Bail bondsmen may hire these officers to track down, arrest, and return someone who’s skipped bail or otherwise missed his or her appointed court appearance.

Bail Premium

Paid to the bail bondsman, this is typically 10 to 15 percent of the total bail amount.

Bail Schedule

A pre-determined list of offenses or charges and corresponding set bail amounts that must be paid for pre-trial release of a defendant.


An individual, company, or corporation that will front the necessary bail money or property for the pre-trial release of an accused party from jail. Often, the bondsman will set specific conditions to guarantee the defendant’s appearance in court when scheduled.

Cash Bond

Cash or money order paid to the courts for release of the accused party. This money is held by the courts until the conclusion of the case and then it is returned, regardless of a guilty or not guilty verdict.


Any property that is used as security for a loan or bond. In the event of the defendant’s default or failure to appear in court as promised, the collateral is considered forfeited by it’s owner in order to fulfill the loan or bond.

Duty Judge

Judges who are available to set a bail amount by phone in lieu of a formal court hearing.

Federal Bond

A specific bail bond determined by a federal judge, set when the defendant is accused of a criminal offense or interstate crime.


Often a friend or family member of the accused, this is the person who is responsible to the bail bondsman and courts for ensuring that the accused follows all prescribed guidelines and conditions of his or her bail, including appearing in court at the appointed time.

Immigration Bonds

The bail bond necessary for release of a defendant that has been obtained by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). The only fulfillment options for this type of bail is a cash bond or surety bond secured through a bail bonds principle.

Pre-Trial Release

Just as the name suggests, this occurs when an accused is released from jail, usually on bond, and is allowed to resume his or her life while the case is still pending.

Personal Recognizance Bond

Often called a “PR Bond,” this type of bond allows for the release of the defendant with no bail or bond required. The accused is released on their word that they will meet whatever conditions and stipulations are laid out by the courts.

Surety Bond

In the basic legal sense, this is a contract among three parties. With surety bail bonds, this is a three-way contract between the accused, the courts, and the bail bondsman. It is the most widely-used bond obtained to get a defendant out of jail until his or her appointed court date.

Withdraw of Bail

In the event that an accused is non-compliant with conditions set by the court or bail bondsman, the defendant’s bail can be withdrawn and the accused will have to return to jail. Bail may be withdrawn by the courts or the bondsman may petition the court for withdrawal of bail.

While these terms and definitions just begin to scratch the surface of the complex world of bail bonds, they will at least give you a beginning working knowledge of the topic. This knowledge can help you feel less overwhelmed if you find yourself looking for a bail bondsman unexpectedly, or have to answer questions about the process. This can make the process much easier to navigate!

If you’re in the San Bernardino area and have questions about the bail bonds process, or if you’re looking for professional, affordable, and compassionate bail bonds, contact Future Bail Bonds. You can call us at or fill out the form below to speak with a friendly member of our staff.

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